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Birds spoted


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Birds Spoted in Soma Kerala Palace


The Barn Owl (Tyto alba), is the most widely distributed species of owl, and one of the most widespread of all birds. It is also referred to as Common Barn Owl, to distinguish it from other species in the barn-owl family Tytonidae. These form one of two main lineages of living owls, the other being the typical owls (Strigidae). T. alba is found almost anywhere in the world except polar and desert regions, Asia north of the Alpide belt, most of Indonesia, and the Pacific islands.



The Eastern Grass Owl (Tyto longimembris), The Eastern Grass Owl (Tyto longimembris), is a medium-sized owl of 14-15" female, and 12.5-14" male. They're wingspan is an average 45.5" male and female. The female weighs 16oz. while the male weighs 14oz. They have dark brown or tan upper parts with pale spots. They have black and tan bars on its wings and a very pale beak, feathered legs, and dark brown eyes. Like all tyto owls, it has a heart-shaped facial disk with brown buff and a white bordering.



The White-browed Wagtail or Large Pied Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis), is a medium-sized bird and is the largest member of the wagtail family. They are conspicuously patterned with black above and white below, a prominent white brow, shoulder stripe and outer tail feathers. They are common in small water bodies and have adapted to urban environments where they often nest on roof tops. The specific name is derived from the Indian city of Madras (now Chennai). The White-browed Wagtail is the largest species of wagtail at 21 cm length.



The White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus), is a waterbird of the rail and crake family Rallidae that is widely distributed across Southeast Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. They are dark slaty birds with a clean white face, breast and belly. They are somewhat bolder than most other rails and are often seen stepping slowly with their tail cocked upright in open marshes or even drains near busy roads. They are largely crepuscular in activity and during the breeding season, just after the first rains, make loud and repetitive croaking calls.



The Indian Courser (Cursorius coromandelicus), is a species of courser found in mainland South Asia, mainly in the plains bounded by the Ganges and Indus river system. Like other coursers it is a ground bird found in dry open semi-desert country. This courser is widespread in South Asia and overlaps with some other species such as the similar looking Cream-coloured Courser. This species is however brighter coloured than the Cream-coloured Courser and has a broader black eye-stripe that begins at the base of the beak.



The Black Kite (Milvus migrans), is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors. Unlike others of the group, they are opportunistic hunters and are more likely to scavenge. They spend a lot of time soaring and gliding in thermals in search of food. Their angled wing and distinctive forked tail make them easy to identify. This kite is widely distributed through the temperate and tropical parts ofEurasia and parts of Australasia and Oceania, with the temperate region populations tending to be migratory. Several subspecies are recognized and formerly had their own English names. The European populations are small, but the South Asian population is very large.



The Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus), also known as the Red-backed Sea-eagle in Australia, is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as eagles, buzzards and harriers. They are found in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Australia. They are found mainly on the coast and in inland wetlands where they feed on dead fish and other prey. Adults have a reddish brown plumage and a contrasting white head and breast which makes them easy to distinguish from other birds of prey.



The Shikra (Accipiter badius), is a small bird of prey in the family Accipitridae found widely distributed in Asia and Africa where it is also called the Little Banded Goshawk. The African forms may represent a separate species but have usually been considered as subspecies of the Shikra. The Shikra is very similar in appearance to other sparrowhawk species including the Chinese Goshawk and Eurasian Sparrowhawk. They have a sharp two note call and have the typical flap and glide flight. Their calls are imitated by drongos and theCommon Hawk-Cuckoo resembles it in plumage.



The Darters or snakebirds, are mainly tropical waterbirds in the family Anhingidae. There are four living species, three of which are very common and widespread while the fourth is rarer and classified as near-threatened by the IUCN. The term "snakebird" is usually used without any additions to signify whichever of the completely allopatricspecies occurs in any one region. It refers to their long thin neck, which has a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged, or when mated pairs twist it during their bonding displays. "Darter" is used with a geographical term when referring to particular species.



The Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger), is a member of the Cormorant family of seabirds: Aptly named, the Little Cormorant is small in comparison with other cormorants, only 55 cm in length with an average mass of 442.5 g. Salim Ali describes the Little Cormorant as a "glistening black duck-like water bird with a longish stiff tail and slender compressed bill sharply hooked at the tail." It is a resident species in most of tropical south Asia, commonly found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Viet Nam; additionally, it is a vagrant species in Afghanistan. The estimated population was 280,000 - 350,000 in 2009: Due to its large population and extremely wide geographic range the Little Cormorant is categorized as least concerned by the IUCN. The Little Cormorant is not a migratory bird; it dwells year-round in trees near a water source.